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History of Machu Picchu
Archaeological evidence uncovered around the site suggests that the area was first used for agricultural purposes back in 760 B.C.
The war of Vilcambamba Pachacutec in 1440 established the first settlement at the site. It was called the Tahuantinsuyo Empire which was later followed by the formation of the government of Manco Capac.
It is thought that Machu Picchu was first inhabited by 300-1000 inhabitants, who were of the highest Class or “llactas”.
The valleys around these areas were important for their agricultural contribution, however after death of the Emperor Pachacutec, it lost it’s importance, with the establishment of new sites like Ollaytantambo and Vilcambamba. The building of these new sites by his successors, in more accessible terrain made Machu Picchu less appealing.